Ingrown toenails develop when the nail grows into the skin as opposed to growing over the top of it. This typically develops on the largest toe. Those with curved or thick nails can develop them more easily. However, anyone can develop an ingrown toenail as the result of injury, improperly fitting shoes, and incorrect foot grooming and hygiene. People who have vascular problems, diabetes, and numbness in the toes must take special care of ingrown toenails as soon as possible since they can cause more serious complications to develop.
Nails can become ingrown when they are not cut correctly or if they become damaged. The most frequent cause is cutting the toenails too short or overly rounding the edges of the nail by wearing improperly fitting shoes as well as too tight hosiery or socks which put pressure on the nail. Tissue which has grown over the nail can cause permanent alterations such as infection, discomfort, and inflammation. An ingrown toenail can become infected which will cause it to become very red and swollen, and pus can develop. If this is the case and pain doesn’t resolve after attending to the nail, call the podiatrist right away. This is particularly true for diabetics who can have a very high risk of foot infection problems.
Employ hygiene techniques to the toenail can assist to prevent and ease symptoms. Wearing better fitting shoes and grooming the nails correctly can fix the condition. It is also crucial to lessen the pressure on the toe in the beginning by wearing sandals or not wearing a shoe for several days. Individuals should also avoid trimming the corners of toenails unless this task is accomplished easily. If the ingrown nail is particularly serious or an infection develops, the podiatrist can prescribe medications and may even need to remove part of the nail. If ingrown nails are a persistent issue, removal of the nail root on the ingrown side could be required.