An imbalanced joint of the toe where the muscles and ligaments are not working together is commonly referred to as a hammer toe. The middle joint bends into an undesired position and remains off balance. Typically, there is increased rubbing and friction on the toe. Women get hammertoes more frequently because of the shoes they wear. For those with diabetes or poor circulation they can be especially troublesome. There are two types of hammer toes:
Changing shoes can help to relieve pressure on the joints and help it to return to a normal position. When the condition is severe, surgery could be necessary. Typically, physical therapy and anti-inflammatories will be employed first.
A bony hump located on the base of the big toe where it connects to the rest of the foot is a bunion. This can cause it to push into the other toes. The joint where the toe bends when walking most affected by the condition. They can cause lots of pain and are also vulnerable to pressure and friction caused by specific shoes.
To determine the severity, the podiatrist will take x-rays and examine the foot. To determine if arthritis is present, a blood sample might be collected. The doctor might recommend: